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In arranging the courses for the fourth annual session of the 
University Summer School the following classes have been consid- 
ered — 1. Teachers seeking to strengthen their scholarship and im- 
prove their methods of instruction. 2. Students in the University 
or other colleges. 3. Those preparing to teach. 4. Men and wom- 
en who wish to carry forward work in some of the special cul- 
ture departments. Those unable to attend the regular session 
can thus obtain the benefit of university training. 

Students in the Summer School may receive certificates of satis- 
factory work duly signed by their instructors and by the President 
of the University. 

The University Library contains 30,000 volumes. Students will 
find not only large collections of books bearing on every course to 
be offered, but also reference books of a general character. The 
Library receives the leading American and foreign periodicals. 

The age demands laboratory methods, and no teacher is compe- 
tent to conduct laboratory exercises who has not himself previous- 
ly done the work successfully. The introduction of this method in 
the teaching of science is perhaps the greatest contribution to 
sound pedagogy that has been made in the last half of the cen- 

The Physical Laboratory, Chemical Laboratories, Botanical 
and Zoological Laboratories and Gymnasium are modern in equip- 

The Summer School Lecture Course will consist of evening lec- 
tures — entertaining and instructive. 

City School Superintendents will lead in discussion of practical 

The University Campus comprises fifty acres, and Chapel Hill 
offers a delightful Summer home. 

Board at hotels $12 to $15 per month, cheaper rates at private 
houses and clubs. All applications for board should be addressed 
to Mr. E. L. Harris, Chapel Hill. N. C. 

Reduced rates will be granted on all railroads. 

At entrance the students will enroll their names with the Regis- 
trar and pay the fees to the Bursar. 

Registration fee $1.00. Tuition fee $5.00. 


Dr. E. A. ALDERMAN, President of the University. 

Professor C. W. TOMS, Professor of Pedagogy. 

Professor W. D. TOY, Professor of Modern Languages. 

Dr. THOMAS HUME, Professor of English. 

Db. CHARLES A. McMURRY, Instructor in Pedagogy. 

Professor WILBUR S. JACKMAN, Instructor in Nature Study. 

Principal W. F. GORDY. Instructor in History. 

Dr. WILLIAM J. MILNE. Instructor in Mathematics. 

Supt. H. S. TARBELL. Instructor in Primary Geography. 

Miss MARY E. BRYANT, Instructor in English. 

Professor E. P. MOSES, Instructor in Primary Work. 

Dr. CHARLES BASKERVILLE. Professor of Chemistry. 

Professor J. A. HOLMES, Geology of North Carolina. 

Professor COLLIER COBB, Professor of Geology. 

Dr. CHARLES S. MANGUM. Professor of Physiology, 

Superintendent M. C. S. NOBLE, Instructor in Mathematics. 

Superintendent ALEX. GRAHAM. Instructor in history. 

Professor P. P. CLAXTON, Professor of Psychology. 

Superintendent LOGAN D. HOWELL. Instructor in Geography 

Judge JAMES E. SHEPHERD, Professor of Civics. 

Miss NETTIE BEMIS, Instructor in Drawing. 

Professor CLARENCE R. BROWN. Instructor in Music. 

Dr. II. F. LINSCOTT, Professor of Latin. 

Professor J. A. McLAUCIILIX. Instructor in Latin. 

Wr. WILLIAM R. WEBB. Jr... Instructor in English. 

Mr. R. E. COKER, Instructor in Natural History. 

Miss RACHEL C. SIMS, Instructor in Physical Culture. 

Dr. JOHN MANNING. Professor of Law. 

Judge JAMES E. SHEPHERD. Professor of Law . 

Miss Mary A. Bryant. Ogontz School, student in Leipsic Uni- 
versity and Paris, will teach The Tempest and Macbeth, the latter 
with the interpretation of Booth and Irving'. 

Prof. Wilbur S. Jackman, teacher of Natural Science, Chi- 
cago Normal School, Author of Jackman's "Nature Study," will 
give instruction in Natural Science. 

The State Geologist, Professor Joseph A. Holmes, will make 
excursions with the teachers into the country ab.out Chapel Hill for 
the study of the Geology and Geography of the region, and the 
physical history of the State. 

Professor W. P. Gordy, Supervising Principal, Hartford, Conn., 
Author of "The Pathfinder in American History," will have charge 
of classes in American History. 

Dr. Charles A. MgMurry, University of Chicago, Secretary 
of the National Herbaft Society, Author of "General Method," 
"Special Method in Literature and History," will discuss and 
exemplify Scientific Pedagogy. 

William J. Milne, Ph.D. LL.D., President of the New York 
State Normal. College, Author of Algebra and Arithmetic, will 
lecture on the teaching of Arithmetic. 

Miss Nettie Bemis, graduate of Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, for 
three years a teacher in the Durham Graded Schools, will have 
charge of the classes in Manual Training. 

Professor E. P. Moses, Winthrop Normal School, Rock Hill, S. 
G., Author of "Moses' Reader," will have charge of all primary 


Pedagogy. Professor Toms and Dr. McMdkry. 

Professor Chas. A. McMurry, University of Chicago. 

In discussing the general principles of pedagogy, as illustrated 
in the Herbart School, there will be a discussion of the chief aim 
of teaching the relative value of studies, induction and deduction, 
apperception, correlation, interest and recitation method. 

In applying these ideas to literature and reading in the common 
school grades the following topics will be treated: the value of 
classics to teachers and children, the oral treatment of stories and 
myths in primary grades, the selection of books for reading in 

the different grades, illustrations of the method of handling com- 
plete classics as e. g. "Courtship of Miles Standish" in the grades 
and the peculiar difficulties in using the best materials. 

In American history, the course of study, the use of biograph- 
ical stories in the intermediate grades and the method of handling- 
important topics in grammar grades will be presented. 

Lists of the best books for the use of the teachers in history, 
literature, reading, geography and natural science will be pre- 
sented and discussed. The work is planned to be of a simple and 
directly useful character. 

Professor C. W. Toms. 

A course of lectures will be given on 

1. Child Study. 

2. Systems of Education. 

3. Principles of Teaching. 

4. Ethical and Aesthetic. 

5. Apperception, Concentration. 

6. Correlation and Interest. 

Primary Instruction. PROFESSOR MOSES. 

The work will include lectures on the teaching of reading, spell- 
ing, arithmetic, language, geography, and history in primary 
schooK The various methods of teaching these subjects will be 
drawn mainly from the study of the development of the primary 
schools of Continental Europe. 

The views of the leading writers on primary methods will be 
presented and discussed. Teachers who are interested in the 
work of this department are requested to bring with them for 
ready reference their books on school methods. 

In the teaching of spelling and reading, special attention will 
be paid to English orthography in the light of its historic develop- 
ment. The method of teaching beginners how to spell and read 
will be illustrated by the instructor's child, four years of age. 

An attempt will be made to show: 

(1) That the early school life of American children can be made 
much more fruitful; 

(2) The means whereby a reform may be secured. 

Chemistry. Dr. CHAS. BASKERVILLE. 

Two courses that should be taken together, are offered in Chem- 
istry for teachers. 

Course 1. Twenty lectures with experiments, over the same 
ground that should be covered in a school course. The course is 
practical as well as theoretical. Fee five dollars. 

Course 2. The teachers perform in the laboratory under the 
supervision of the Instructor the experiments of course 1. Fee 
s,even dollars, two dollars being for material used. 

Advanced courses may be arranged by communicating with 
the processor. 

French and German. PROFESSOR TOY. 

1. Elementary course (open for those who have never studied 
French). Five hours a week. 

2. Modern Comedies (open to those who are able to translate 
simple French). Five hours a week. 

Courses in German will be offered, if desired. 

Drawing'. Miss Bemis. 

Suggestions will be given as to the best methods of teaching 
drawing, the materials required, reference books, and courses of 
reading for teachers. Drawing may be helpful in other school 

Members of the class will be expected to do the work required 
of pupils from the primary through the grammar grades as time 
will allow. 

Primary work will include study of type forms and objects 
based on them, clay modeling, tablet and stick laying, paper 
I folding and cutting and freehand drawing. 

Grammar Work. Construction; view and working drawings, 
i pattern making, constructive design. 

Representation. Form study, appearance of objects in various 
positions, principles of perspective, outline drawing, sketching, 
simple light and shade. 

Decoration; elementary figures of decorative design, study of 
f forms of beauty found in Historic Ornament, natural forms and 
i geometric figures. 

Materials will be furnished free of charge. 

Outline of Courses in Nature Study. By PROFESSOR WILBUR 
S. Jackman, Chicago Normal School. 

The work in Nature Study will be conducted by means of a series 
of conferences in which all in attendence will be expected to take 
part. Careful consideration will be given to the selection of ma- 
terial from the various departments of natural science: to the 
propel- methods of presenting' the subject to pupils below the high 
school, through field work and experiment: to the various modes 
of expression needed by children in the development of true pic- 
tures of nature; and to the relations of Nature Study to other sub- 
jects, and to the demands of the pupil's own life. 

The details of the course will be worked out through an expan- 
sion of the following topics: 

I. Introductory: the scope and character of Nature Study. 

II. Painting — water color — and drawing as aids in developing 
pictures in nature. Illustrated by pupil's work. 

III. Number work as an aid in developing pictures of nature. 
Illustrated by practical problems. 

IV. Reading and Writing as means of developing pictures of na- 
ture. Illustrated by primary reading lessons. 

V. The relation of History and Literature, including mythology, 
to Nature Study. Illustrated by appropriate selections. 

VI. The moral relations and value of Nature Study. The appli- 
cations of the study to the practical affairs of life. 

Practical Course in Natural History. Two hours work, daily, 
in Biological Laboratory, with optional excursions. Mr. 

The course, though primarily designed for beginners, is a plas- 
tic one. and will prove of use to teachers who have already studied 
the subject. It is believed that the course will enable any 
teacher to start a class in Natural History. For such work the 
necessary equipment is inexpensive. What the teacher needs is 
to know what animals and plants are profitable forms for 
study, where they are to be found, how to study them, and what 
books to read. 

Directions for the preservation of collections (alcoholic and for- 
malin specimens — dried preparations of insects, etc.) will be given. 

A special laboratory fee of five dollars will be charged for this 


Physiology- Dr - Mangum . 

The chief aim will be to give to teachers practical ideas and sug- 
gestions which may be applied or enlarged upon in the instruction 
of elementary cl'sses in the subject. The lectures will be supple- 
mented by a selected series of dissections and physiological' 
experiments: such as the demonstration of the circulation in the 
web of a frog's foot: illustration of nerve phenomena by experi- 
ment on the lower animals: dissection of a brain, etc. 

The intimate relation of systematic physical culture to physio- 
logical principles will be shown. 

Geography. Superintendent Howell. 

The course in geography will be both theoretical and practical. 
What the science of geography embraces, the purposes in teach- 
ing it, what should be done in preparing the child for the study, 
what ought to be taught, and how to teach it, will be discussed in 
twenty lectures: and not only will the methods advanced be illus- 
trated by actual teaching on class, but from this practice it is 
hoped to deduce the principles underlying all rational geography 

The subject matter and methods of primary geography will re- 
ceive special attention. The necessity of preparing early in the 
child's life apperceptive material for the interpretation of geo- 
graphical information will be emphasized, and the method of this 
preparation will be shown. 

Educational Psychology. PROFESSOR Claxton. 

This course will comprise the following studies: 

The structure, development and function of the nervous system. 
Sense-perception and bodily movements. 

Arrests and reproduction of concepts, memory and imagination. 

The intellectual process. Notions. Development of the under- 

The nature and origin of the feelings and emotion: their relation 
to thought and action: their culture. 

The growth and culture of the will, habit and character. 

The doctrine of interest, and its psychological basis. 

The aims and methods of child study, with a brief account of its 
history and literature. 

The psychic life of the child during the elementary school age. 
The nature, possibilities and limits of elementary education. 

It will be helpful to those wishing to take this course to prepare 
for it by some previous reading. 

English. Language and Literature and Composition, with Spec- 
ial Literary Study of the Bible. PROFESSOR Hume. 

1. A course in Anglo-Saxon and Historical Grammar for any 
who wish to study the development of our language and broaden 
their culture and especially for those who are preparing to teach 
English. Text: Smith's Old English Grammar (Allyn and Bacon. 
Boston), Emerson's Brief History of the English Language (Mae- 
Millan& Co., N. Y.) 

2. The Literary Study of the Bible. The Book of Job, its au- 
thorship, philosophy, local coloring, literary character as an epic 
drama with lyrical passages and verse forms. Text: Moulton's 
Book of Job (D. C. Heath & Co.. Boston). The Bible is classified 
as Liturgical, Dramatic, Meditative. Lyrics. Odes. Elegies, their 
historical setting, the Messianic Psalms in connection with other 
prophecies. References: N. K. Davis, Moulton. Browne. 

3. Lectures with illustrative reading, on the origin and growth 
of the Arthurian legend and Tennyson's Idylls of the King. Mal- 
lory's Morte d Arthur and books of reference in the Library. 

The Study of Shakspeare. MISS Bryaxt. 

The course will embrace one comedy, the Tempest, and one trag- 
edy, Macbeth. Text books: Rolfe's edition of Macbeth and The 

For reference: Browning's Caliban upon Leteleos: George Elliot's 
Romola; Abbott's Shakespearian Grammar: Snider's System of 
Shakspeare's Drama: Furnes' Variorum. The Tempest will be 
studied asjthe one play in which Shakspeare has adhered to the 
rules of the Classical drama, and as a study of the author's use of 
the supernatural: Macbeth as an ethical study of the growth of sin. 

Course in Rhetoric and Composition. Mr. Webb. 

The work of this course is similar to that prescribed for the first 
year at the University. It will include lectures on Rhetoric 1 and 
instruction in the theory and practice of English composition. 


Latin. Dr. Linscott and Professor McLaughlin. 

A course for college and University students and others, who 
have completed an elementary course. Ovid. The Metamorphoses, 
translation and discussion of the mythology of the Greeks and Ro- 
mans. A review of Latin Grammar and a systematic presentation 
of such recent development in classical scholarship as are of prac- 
tical value to the teacher including prosody, pronunciation and the 
moods and tenses of the Latin verb. Five hours a week. 

The books recommended are 

1. Selections from Ovid by Francis W. Kelsey: (Allyn and Ba- 

2. Greek and Roman Mythology by Harrington and Tolman: 
(Leach, She well and Sanborn.) 

Primary Latin. Teachers' Drill Course in preparatory Latin 
based on Nepos and Caesar. PROFESSOR McLauchlin. 

1. Thorough drill will be given in pronunciation and accents, 
forms, sight-reading, parsing, and composition. 

2. The best features of the inductive method will be used. The 
Grammar. Nepos and Caesar can be obtained in one book, the 
"Pensa Prima Latina." 

3. Practical suggestions will be made about conducting classes, 
■ stimulating and retaining interest, and promoting- enthusiasm. 

Portions of Virgil and Cicero will be studied, the former for 
scansion, the latter for style. 

The Growth of the American Republic. Superintendent 

Lectures will be deliveredupon 

1. Explorers and Colonists: 1462-1763. 

2. The Colonies Become a Nation: 1763-17-89. 

3. The Dominance of Foreign Relations. 

-!. The Epoch of Peace and Social Progress. 

5. Slavery and State Rights. 

6. The Indestructible Union of Indestructible States. 


Methods in History. Supervising Principal Wilbur P 
Gordy, Hartford, Conn. 

The speaker's aim is to deal with the. practical work of the 
class room. He will explain and illustrate methods of teaching 
history in all grades^ below the high school and he will emphasize 
the intimate relation between history and geography. Having 
made a careful and painstaking study of the bibliography of TJ. S. 
History for both teachers and pupils, Mr. Gordy will try to aid 
those in search of supplementary reading along this line, and those 
wishing to know something of the best literature and books of ref- 
erence in this important branch of modern school work. 

Mr. Gordy will speak on the following subjects. 

1. Elementary History. Educational value of the myth and 
the story. The right use of pictures. The correlation of history, 
in primary and intermediate grades, with language reading, geog- 
raphy and literature. The relation of reading and language with 
the elementary work in history will be carefully outlined, and pu- 
pils" written work in language will be exhibited. Topical outline 
of work preparatory t'o the text-book. Patriotic poems, what and 
how taught. 

2. The value of Local History. The historical pilgrimage will be 


3. Geography the Basis of History. 

4. Cause and Effect in History. 

5. How to Teach Wars. The Revolution will be used to illus- 


6. Some Suggestions on the History Recitation. 

7. The Moral Element in History. 

Mathematics. Dr. William J. Milne and Superintendent 

Dr. Milne. Six lectures will be given. Two lectures upon 
Primary Arithmetic. Two lectures upon Algebra. Two lectures 
upon Elementary Geometry. 

Algebra and Arithmetic. Superintendent Noble. 

1. The value of algebra and its relation to the non-college man. 
Its proper place in a mathematical course of study. 

2. The proper time to begin the study of Arithmetic. A study 
of objects resulting in the development of "The Four Fundamental 


Rules;" the need of figures and signs; the proper use of signs; 
methods of drill in the use of figures; common and decimal frac- 
tions; object studies resulting in ''rules" for the solution of frac- 
tional problems: a comparison of the arithmetic of fractions with 
the arithmetic of whole numbers; application of ''The Four Fun- 
damental Rules" to percentage, interest and all actual problems of 

Music Department Three courses are offered, the third being 
arranged for with the teacher. PROFESSOR BROWN. 

Course 1. Daily lessons in rudiments of Music, sight-reading, 
scale practice, relation of keys, etc. Text-book, "The Class and 
Chorus," by M. L. Bartlett; published by Clayton F. Summy, 
Chicago, 111. 

2. Daily lessons in simple methods of teaching children. Ma- 
son's New Second Reader; (Ginn & Co.) 

3. Private lessons in tone production, phrasing and artistic sing- 
ing. Two half hour lessons a week $5.00. 

Physical Training-. Miss Rachel Cabe Sims. 

It is the purpose to present the best methods of promoting the 
student's health and usefulness by directing his physical activities 
and acquainting him with the means of bodily development and 
preservation of health. 

Lectures will be given on the care of the body and the theory 
and practice of physical training. 

The Gymnasium is opened throughout the day for private work, 


Each day at the noon hour there will be a meeting of the entire 
school for the purpose of discussing the problems of Public educa- 
tion, school government, and the various phases of school life. 
Thic discussion will be lead by the leading educators of the State. 

The Railway station is one mile from the Campus. Carriages and 
baggage wagons meet all trains. Trains arrive from the east at 
11 a. m. and 6:30 p. m. Train arrives from the west at 11 a. m. 
Mails close at Post Office at 8 a. m. and 3 p. m. 



During the Summer School, June 22 to July 23, 1897. 
Chapel Hill. N. C. 

Boarding Places. Location Price with 2 in room. 

Per Mo. Per Wk. 
Pickard's Hotel, W. W. Pickard, Franklin st. $16.00 $5.00 
Roberson's Hotel, N. G. L. Patterson, " ". $15.00 
Mrs. A. A. Kluttz, Residence, " ". $15.00 

Mrs. Mallett's, Mrs. McNider, next Postofflee. $15.00 

Mrs. S. M. Bar bee, next M. E. Church, Franklin st. $5.00 

Mrs. B. B. Lane, for board only. " " $2.00 

Mrs. W. H. Thompson, Franklin St., $8.00 

Mrs. D. C. Davis, near Baptist Church, $10.00 

Mrs. J. B. Martin, Rosemary st. near P. E. Church $18.00 
Mrs. L. Norwood, Columbia St., near Graded School $15.00 
Mrs. A. P. Burch, Columbia st. $15.00 

Mrs. Julia Graves, Cameron Avenue. $20.00 

Mrs. R. R. Best, " " $3.00 

" " " '.' " board only, $10.00 

Mrs M. Burch, " " $10.00 

Mrs. J. M. Cheek. " " $11.00 

Mrs. W. S. Jenks, " " $12.00 

Mrs. T. W. Harris, " " $15.00 

Mrs. E. L,. Harris, " " $15.00 

Write to any of these for special rates for parties coming to- 



IMeitU-i^eLl Prli^toi^^sr. 

The Summer School of the University of North Carolina will include 
a practical course in Natural History. The indoor work will be car- 
ried on in the Biological Laboratory, which is well equipped with 
microscopes and other apparatus, together with aquarium tables. 

There will be a daily excursion in the morning. The forms col- 
lected will be studied in the laboratory in the afternoon. Attendance 
on the excursions is optional, though strongly advised. The required 
laboratory work will occupy two hours daily, but the laboratory will 
be open during the entire day to members of the class. 

There will be no set lectures. Beginners in Natural History will 
be expected to read assigned topics in the text-book, and explanatory 
talks will be given in the laboratory. 

The course is a plastic one, and will prove of use to teachers who 
have already studied Natural History (Zoology, Botany, Biology). 
It is primarily designed, however, for beginners unacquainted with 
the subject. It is believed that the course will enable any teacher 
to start a class in Natural History. For such work the necessary 
equipment is inexpensive. What the teacher needs is to know what 
animals and plants are profitable forms for study, where they can be 
found, how to study them, and what books to read. 

The forms to be collected, or reared, and studied, include the fol- 

Plants. Pleurococcus, "Diatoms, Desmids. Linear Algae (Spirogyra, 
Oscillaria). Yeast-plant, Moulds (Penicilium, Mucor). Myxomycetes, 
Puffballs. Toadstools, Lichens, Nitella. Liverworts, Mosses, Ferns 
(Pteris, Aspidium — rearing of Prothallia), some typical flowering 
plant (Germination of Seeds). 

Animals. Amoeba Stentor. Infusoria (rearing of Vorticella, Para- 

maeoium); Hydra; Worms: Earthworms, Tubifex, Leeches, Planari- 
ans, Parasitic Worms (Cestodes, Nematodes); Rotifers, or Wheel Ani- 
malcules; MoV/usks: River Mussel (Unio), Pond Snails, Land Snails 
and Slugs; Crustaceans: Daphnia, Ostracods, Cyclops, Amphipods, 
Isopods. Crayfish: Arachnids: Spiders (Lycos:-., Agalena), Tick (Ixo- 
des), False Scorpion (Chelifer); My riopodx: Julus, Polydesmus, Cer- 
matia Forceps: Insects: Orthoptera (Grasshopper. Cricket, Katydid), 
Beetles, or Coleoptera, (June-bug, Copris, Life-history of Potato Bug), 
Bugs or Hemiptera (Cicada, Notonecta, Harlequin Cabbage Bug), 
Butterflies and Moths, or Lepidoptera (Cabbage Butterfly, Swallow- 
tail Butterfly, Saturnia, Bagwormor Thyrydopterix); Flies or Diptera 
(House-fly. Robber-fly, Life-history of the Midge or Chironomous ) 

Directions for the preservation of collections (alcoholic and forma- 
lin specimens — dried preparations of insects, etc.) will be given. 

In addition to the regular Summer School fee of five dollars, a 
special laboratory fee of five dollars will be charged for this course. 

For further information regarding the course address Professor C. 
W. Toms, Dr. H. V. Wilson. Professor of Biology, or Mr. R. E. 
(Joker, the instructor.